From Sea to Land? The Geopolitics of Communications Infrastructure by Kawaguchi Takahisa (Principal Researcher Tokio Marine dR Co., Ltd.)
This report discusses one aspect of the U.S.-China conflict over hard telecommunications infrastructure: China's construction of telecommunications infrastructure inside Eurasia. When it comes to conflicts over the construction and operation of telecommunications infrastructure, many people probably think of submarine cables. In other words, the story goes that the U.S., as a "sea power," is exerting its influence over plans to lay and operate submarine cables to exclude Chinese capital and gain the upper hand in the competition over telecommunications infrastructure. At the same time, however, China is also trying to use its influence through the construction of telecommunications infrastructure on sea and land. In the interior of Eurasia, where it is difficult for the U.S. and its allies to exert influence, China is building hard telecommunications infrastructure.